Richard Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States (1969–1974) and the only president to resign the office. He was also the 36th Vice President of the United States (1953–1961).
Richard was born in Yorba Linda, California. After completing undergraduate work at Whittier College, he graduated from Duke University School of Law in 1937 and returned to California to practice law in La Mirada. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, he joined the United States Navy and rose to the rank of Lieutenant Commander during World War II.
Richard Nixon was elected in 1946 as a Republican to the House of Representatives representing California's 12th Congressional district, and in 1950 to the United States Senate.
Richard Nixon was chosen by Republican Party nominee Dwight D. Eisenhower to
be his running mate in 1952 and served as vice president from 1953 until 1961.
Despite announcing his retirement from politics after losing the 1960
presidential election and 1962 California gubernatorial election, Richard was
elected to the presidency in 1968.
The most immediate task facing President Richard was the Vietnam War. He initially escalated the conflict, overseeing secret bombing campaigns, but soon withdrew American troops and successfully negotiated a ceasefire with North Vietnam, effectively ending American involvement in the war.
Richard Nixon's foreign policy was largely successful; he opened relations with the People's Republic of China and initiated détente with the Soviet Union.
Domestically, Richard Nixon implemented new economic policies which called for wage and price control and the abolition of the gold standard.
Richard Nixon was reelected by a landslide in 1972. In his second term, the
nation was afflicted with economic difficulties. In the face of likely
impeachment for his role in the Watergate scandal, Richard resigned on August 9,
1974. Richard was later pardoned by his successor, Gerald Ford, for any federal
crimes he may have committed while in office.
In his retirement, Richard became a prolific author and undertook many foreign trips.
Richard Nixon suffered a debilitating stroke on April 18, 1994, and died four
days later at the age of 81.
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