Miles Davis (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, and composer.
Widely considered one of the most influential musicians of the 20th century, Miles was at the forefront of almost every major development in jazz from World War II to the 1990s: he played on various early bebop records and recorded one of the first cool jazz records; Miles Davis was partially responsible for the development of hard bop and modal jazz, and both jazz-funk and jazz fusion arose from his work with other musicians in the late 1960s and early 1970s; and his final album blended jazz and rap. Many leading jazz musicians made their names in Davis's groups, including: Joe Zawinul, Chick Corea and Herbie Hancock, saxophonists John Coltrane, Julian "Cannonball" Adderley, Gerry Mulligan, Wayne Shorter, George Coleman, and Kenny Garrett, drummer Tony Williams and guitarist John McLaughlin.
As a trumpeter, Miles had a pure, round sound but also an unusual freedom of articulation and pitch.
Miles Davis was known for favoring a low register and for a minimalist
less-is-more playing style, but Miles was also capable of highly complex and
technically demanding trumpet work.
On March 13, 2006, Miles was posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
Miles Davis has also been inducted into the St. Louis Walk of Fame, Big Band
and Jazz Hall of Fame, and Down Beat's Jazz Hall of Fame.
In his career, Miles earned the rare stature of being recognizable only by his first name; thus he was popularly known simply as Miles.
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