Hosni Mubarak (born 4 May 1928) served as the fourth President of Egypt, from 1981 to 2011.
Hosni was appointed Vice President of Egypt in 1975, and assumed the presidency on 14 October 1981, following the assassination of President Anwar El Sadat. The length of his presidency made him Egypt's longest-serving ruler since Muhammad Ali Pasha.
Before Hosni Mubarak entered politics, he was a career officer in the
Egyptian Air Force, serving as its commander from 1972 to 1975 and rising to the
rank of air chief marshal.
Hosni was ousted after 18 days of demonstrations during the 2011 Egyptian revolution. On 11 February, Vice President Omar Suleiman announced that Hosni had resigned as president and transferred authority to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces. On that day Mubarak and his family left the presidential palace in Cairo and moved to Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt.
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